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Professor Marianne Bastid-bruguière

 

Professor Marianne Bastid-bruguière, honored as Madame Bastid, is one of the most famous French scholars of Chinese studies. Born in an intellectual family in Paris, her parents were eminent fellows at the College de France. She spent her primary and middle school years in Victor Duruy in Paris; later she began to study Chinese and history successively in the preparatory course of Fénelon Higher Normal School, High Female Normal School, the Chinese Department of National Oriental School, the Arts Faculty of Université de Paris and the History Department of Peking University, and received a Ph.D. degree. She has worked for Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and École normale supérieure, rue d’Ulm à Paris. She is a member of Academia Europaea, fellow & Deputy Dean of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques, member of the academic board of école Nationale des Chartes, and honorary researcher of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique for World History. She also served as the Vice President of École normale supérieure, rue d’Ulm à Paris and President of the Association Européenne d’Etudes Chinoises.


Madame Bastid’s research interest lies in Modern and Contemporary Chinese History. She coauthored La Chine 1: Des Guerres de l’Opium à la Guerre Franco-Chinoise, 1840-1885 and La Chine 2: De la Guerre Franco-Chinoise à la Fondation du Parti Communiste Chinois, 1885-1921 with Jean Chesneaux, the French founder of modern and contemporary Chinese studies. She also wrote a chapter Trends of Social Change about the history of the late Qing Dynasty in The Cambridge History of China edited by John King Fairbank, which later was expanded and published in French as L’Evolution de la Société Chinoise à la Fin de la Dynastie des Qing, 1873-1911. She takes great interest in the social and economic situations in late Qing Dynasty and has finished Development of Modern Silk Industry in Guangdong Province before 1894 (Tokyo, 1975). She also attaches much attention to the relationship between China’s social events in late Qing Dynasty and the French Revolution and wrote The Social Background of Reforms in Late Qing Dynasty, French Diplomacy and China’s 1911 Revolution as well as Open to Western Ideas: Influence of French Revolution on China’s 1911 Revolution. Her findings on modern and contemporary Chinese history have been well recognized by the international academic community and gained her an honorary PhD from the Russian Academy of Sciences. As an executive leader of higher education, Madame Bastid’s Chinese studies also include an important part, namely China’s past and present education. She has published a book Aspects de la Réforme de l’Enseignement en Chine au Début du XXe siècle (1971) and some critical theses, such as “China’s Higher Education, Changes in the Educational System and Teenagers”, “Studies in Educational Strategies: Schooling and Economic Development since 1949” as well as “China’s Educational Policies and Economic Development in 1980.”


In October 2011, Madame Bastid was invited by Tsinghua Academy of Chinese Learning and the Kai Feng Foundation to lecture at Tsinghua for a month, during which she gave eight lectures centring on the topic La rencontre de la liberté et de la rationalité scientifique: l’expérience des étudiants chinois en France à la fin de l’empire et au début de la république et la formation de l’identité chinoise contemporaine.

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